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Social Studies Georgia Standards of Excellence
Georgia Department of Education
June 9, 2016
Fourth Grade American History Year 2:

Revolution to Reconstruction


In fourth grade, students continue with year two of a three year study of United States history in

which all four strands (history, geography, civics/government, and economics) are
Students begin the year learning about the French and Indian War and end with the
Reconstruction period. The geography strand emphasizes the influence of geography on U.S.
history during these same time periods. In the civics/government strand,
students learn about
concepts and rights contained within our founding documents. The economic strand uses
material from the history strand to deepen understanding of economic concepts.
Historical Understandings
SS4H1 Explain the causes, events, and re
sults of the American Revolution.
Trace the events that shaped the revolutionary movement in America: French and Indian
War, 1765 Stamp Act, the slogan “no taxation without representation,” the activities of the
Sons of Liberty, the activities of the Daugh
ters of Liberty, Boston Massacre, and the
Boston Tea Party.
Describe the influence of key individuals and groups during the American Revolution:
King George III, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Benedict
Arnold, Patrick Henry, John Adams,
Paul Revere, and Black regiments.
Describe the major events of the American Revolution and explain the factors leading to
American victory and British defeat; include the Battles of Lexington and Concord,
Saratoga, and Yorktown.
Explain the writing of the
 Declaration of Independence; include who wrote it, how it was
written, why it was necessary, and how it was a response to tyranny.