Literature:  POETRY
Most students DREAD reading poetry,
especially on tests.

Here's a simple clue:

Here are some basic things to know and understand about the poems you will read. 

·        The Form of a poem - The elements of form are number of lines, rhyme, rhythm, number of stanzas, and (for us) rules of grammar (standard or nonstandard).

Stanza - a group of lines of poetry, like a paragraph, set off usually by a blank space. Poets create stanzas for a reason. The lines belong together.

Each color represents a STANZA...


"Thank You, Friend"
By Joanna Fuchs


Thank you, friend, for all the things
That mean so much to me--
For concern and understanding
You give abundantly.


Thanks for listening with your heart;
For cheering me when I'm blue;
For bringing out the best in me;
And just for being you.


Thanks for in-depth conversation
That stimulates my brain;
For silly times we laugh out loud;
For things I can't explain.


For looking past my flaws and faults;
For all the time you spend;
For all the kind things that you do,
Thank you; thank you, friend.


Rhyme - The repetition of sound, almost always to achieve an effect or to create a rhythm. 

Rhyme Scheme:  The pattern of poems that rhyme.  It usually refers to END RHYMING poems...

 (see below this line)
Rainbow Divider

Little Boy Blue
Little Boy Blue, come blow your horn,                          A
The sheep's in the meadow, the cow's in the corn.      A
Where's the little boy who looks after the sheep?        B
Under the haystack, fast asleep.                                  B
Will you wake him? No, not I,                                       C
For if I do, he's sure to cry.                                           C

Rhyme Scheme:  AA BB CC


Little Miss Muffet
Little Miss Muffet, sat on a tuffet,                              A
Eating her curds and whey;                                      B
Along came a spider, who sat down beside her        C
And frightened Miss Muffet away.                             B

Rhyme Scheme:  ABCB



The beat or pattern of stressed and unstressed lines.  For example, read the following .


Alliteration - The repetition of sound within a line of poetry (or prose). 

 "Slanting silver slits of rain."
"Peter Piper picked a pail of pickled peppers."