Citing Sources Properly:




Reliable/Credible Sources:

Secondary/Primary Sources:

Research Process:

Reliable Websites for Research:

Student Encyclopedias for Research:

1. Encyclopedia Britannica Online

The online version of the Encyclopedia Britannica is a trusted source used by more than 4,755 universities worldwide, including Yale, Harvard and Oxford. The site includes access to all 32 volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica, a dictionary, a thesaurus, newspaper and magazine articles and a world atlas. You'll have to work fast though. You can only use this source for free for seven days. After that, you'll need to pay $69.95 a year for full access.

2. is a free online encyclopedia that allows you to search more than 57,000 articles from the Columbia Encyclopedia. Each article contains links to images, as well as magazine and newspaper pieces. also includes other reference works, such as the Oxford Dictionaries and the Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.

3. Bartleby has a great collection of free reference materials, books and verse. Searchable encyclopedias include the Columbia Encyclopedia, the Columbia Gazetteer of North America, the Encyclopedia of World History and the World Fact Book.

4. Infoplease

Pearson Education's Infoplease provides free access to more than 57,000 articles from the Columbia Encyclopedia (Sixth Edition.) Other references, such as an almanac, dictionaries and a thesaurus make this site a good all around tool for research papers.

5. Questia

The free encyclopedia from Questia includes more than 52,000 entries from the Columbia Encyclopedia (Sixth Edition.) There are also loads of supplemental goodies in the reference library, such as full-text books and articles from journals, magazines and newspapers.

6. dkonline.encyclopedia

Select from nine subject areas, including science and technology, space, and history, type in a keyword, and let dkonline.encyclopedia link you to websites providing the information you need. Sites could utilize videos, virtual tours, timelines and more. You can also download and print free images.

7. Encyclopedia of Life

Encyclopedia of Life is a relatively new Internet venture. Launched in May of 2007, the site aims to document all species of life on Earth. The collaborative and constantly updated encyclopedia is free for everyone to use and perfect for students who are writing research papers on science or biology.

8. Scholarpedia

The Scholarpedia site is similar in format to Wikipedia, but it is a much better free resource for research papers. All of the entries have been written and approved by an actual scholar, which means you won't have a problem when it comes time to cite sources. Featured encyclopedias cover topics like computational neuroscience, dynamical systems, computational intelligence and astrophysics.

WHY IS Wikipedia so popular, yet UNRELIABLE?:

Wikipedia is one of the most popular sites in the world, but it is not without problems. Anybody can write and edit Wikipedia entries. This means that you can't always count on the site for factual information. You also can't cite Wikipedia as a source for most student research papers.

Project Gutenberg
Project Gutenberg, as the oldest producer of ebooks on the Internet, provides access to 16,000 titles.

Christian Classics Ethereal Library
This is a theological library of online texts of the Christian tradition, compiled by a researcher at Calvin College.

Internet Public Library
From the University of Michigan School of Information, the IPL contains a wide range and variety of websites, with access to Subject Collections, Ready Reference, and magazines and newspapers.

Public Library of Science
The PloS provides open access to worldwide scientific and medical research, and includes its own PloS journals.

Best Information on the Net
This site, from the O'Keefe Library at St. Ambrose University, provides a selective directory of Internet resources, focusing on ethical and social service subjects, and includes sections on "Hot Paper Topics" and "Resources by Major."

INFOMINE: Scholarly Internet Resource Collections
Originating from the University of California at Riverside, the site has access to important educational and research tools, with over100,000 links. Great Books Online
This is a literary site with free access to selected ebooks of fiction, non-fiction, and poetry, as well as to reference works.

American Memory
From the Library of Congress special collections, this site provides full-text access to primary and archival materials relating to United States history and culture.

Statistical Resources on the Web
Compiled by the Documents Center at the University of Michigan Library, the site has hundreds of statistical files, mainly from government sources, on such topics as demographics, consumers, education, foreign trade, health, and science.

NYPL Digital Gallery
This New York Public Library site provides access to digital collections of primary sources and printed materials, including books, photographs, manuscripts, and maps.

Reliable Resources Presentation:
Click HERE for presenstation


Click the image above or HERE for complete list of Educational Search Engines for Reliable Research Sources

Activities/Practice Tasks:

Click the image above or HERE for a interactive unit from Scholastic about Reliable Sources & Citations

Click the image above or HERE for a interactive presentation by LearnZillion about Research/Gather Evidence and Cite Sources

Click the image above or HERE for an interactive presentation by about How to Avoid Plagiarism: When to Site Sources

Click the image above or HERE for BrainPop Video about Copyright
(BrainPop Login:  username: cedartown - password: pop)

Click the image above or HERE for BrainPop Video about Plagiarism
(BrainPop Login:  username: cedartown - password: pop)

Click the image above or HERE for BrainPop Video about Citing Sources
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Click the image above or HERE for BrainPop Video about Online Sources
(BrainPop Login:  username: cedartown - password: pop)

Click the image above or HERE for BrainPop Video about Research
(BrainPop Login:  username: cedartown - password: pop)