Cosmetologists cut, trim, shampoo, style, color, bleach, highlight hair and offer permanent wave service. They also provide scalp and facial treatments and makeup analysis. Some also clean and style wigs and hairpieces and a growing number of actively sell skin care products.
Barbers and cosmetologists usually work in a barbershop or salon. Physical stamina is important, because workers are on their feet for most of their shift. All states require barbers and cosmetologists to be licensed, with the exception of shampoo technicians. To qualify for a license, candidates must graduate from a state‐approved cosmetology or barbering program. Overall employment of barbers and cosmetologists is expected to grow 14 percent from 2010 to 2020, as fast as the average for all occupations. Occupations are many and varied including cosmetologists, estheticians, nail techs, and barbers.