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Prepositions

Prepositions

Definition: A word that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence.

There are about 150 prepositions in English. Prepositions are important words. We use individual prepositions more frequently than other individual words. In fact, the prepositions ofto and in are among the ten most frequently used words in English. Here is a short list of the more common prepositions.

 List of Prepostitions

about
above
across
after
against

along
around
at
before
behind
below
beneath
beside
besides
between
beyond

by

despite
down
during
except
for
from
in
inside
into
like
near
of
off
on

onto
out

outside
over
since

till
through
throughout
to
toward
under

unlike
until
up
upon
with

within
without

according to
because of 
by way of
in addition to
in front of
in place of
in regard to
in spite of
instead of
on account of
out of

 

Examples

I ran to the store.

The book is on the table.

The deer jumped over the fence.

 

Prepostitional Phrases

Prepositional Phrases start with a preposition and end with the object of the preposition.

The object of the preposition MUST be a noun or pronoun, and it follows the prepostions (it's after the prepostion).

 

To identify a prepositional phrase simply find the preposition and ask preposition + who/ what? The answer to the question will be the object of the preposition.

 

Examples

I ran to the store.

To What/ Who? = Store (Store is the OP)

[to the store] = Prep. Ph.

 

The book is on the table.

On What/ Who? = Table (Table is the OP)

[on the table] = Prep. Ph.

 

The deer jumped over the fence.

Over What/ Who? = Fence (Fence is the OP)

[over the fence] = Prep. Ph.

 
 
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