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The Civil War


Slavery and States' Rights (10th Amendment)

North said slavery should end; South said it was the right of each state to have slaves or not.


2 people who 'fueled' the war:
Harriet Beecher Stowe
(wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin; abolitionist) , and

John Brown (violent abolitionist; stormed the arsenal at Harper's Ferry; hanged for it)


The Civil War started following the election of Abraham Lincoln as president, when South Carolina seceded, or withdrew, from the United States (Union); it was soon followed by other southern states, who formed the Confederate States of America and elected Jefferson Davis as their president.



  • Ft. Sumter, SC

FORT = FIRST; First battle of the Civil War

Confederate victory, although no soldiers were killed on either side

  • Gettysburg, Penn.
    (Gettys-Burg = "Go Back!"  Go back home, rebels, and get out of the North!)

Confederates invade North

Turning point; Union victory

Embarassing loss for Robert E. Lee

Lincoln gives Gettysburg Address days later

  • Atlanta Campaign / March to the Sea

Sherman's battles against the Confederate Army from Chattanooga, TN, to Atlanta, GA

Atlanta Campaign ends with the burning of Atlanta; March to the Sea begins

Sherman's Union Army burns crops, destroys railroads and supply lines

Savannah, GA surrenders to Sherman

Appomattox Court House, VA

Robert E. Lee and Confederates surrounded; surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant



     Union (USA)                                    vs                            Confederacy (CSA)

   http://myschooldesk.net/Portals/27/user/714/images/abraham_lincoln.jpg                                                             http://myschooldesk.net/Portals/27/user/714/images/JeffersonDavis.jpg

   Abraham Lincoln                                                                   Jefferson Davis
President of the U.S.A.                                                            Confederate President


       http://myschooldesk.net/../Portals/27/user/714/images/grant.jpg                                                                     http://myschooldesk.net/Portals/27/user/714/images/Robert_E_Lee_%28color%29.jpg

    Ulysses S. Grant                                                                                  Robert E. Lee

   Main Union General                                                                    Main Confederate General

   http://myschooldesk.net/../Portals/27/user/714/images/sherman.jpg                                                                  http://myschooldesk.net/Portals/27/user/714/images/jackson.jpg
 William T. Sherman                                                    Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
       Union General                                                                                     Confederate General

*Hint: How to remember Grant vs Lee:                              
U.S. Grant = "U.S."      and   R. E. Lee = "Reall-y Loses"
Lee lost, and surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House, VA

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