Text Options for the Visually Impaired Font Size: a- A+ Color: A A A Revert 
Close vision bar
Open vision bar
European Exploration

LEGAL DISCLAIMER TO OTHER EDUCATORS REGARDING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY:  All information on this page was painstakingly researched and written by me over hundreds of hours.    If you are an educator and wish to use this information for your page, please contact me via email at mcfoster@polk.k12.ga.us.  (Original texts owned by the author and protected under Title 17, U.S.C.)

European Exploration.

CLICK HERE for History Channel video clips and interactives

 
Europe is one of the seven continents.  It's also where most of our culture originated.  It is across the Atlantic Ocean, and in 4th grade we learn the locations and names of five important countries:
 
  • England  (which later joined Scotland  to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain  ) colonized areas along the coast of North America, including Newfoundland, Canada, Jamestown, Plymouth, and what became the 13 British colonies/first U.S. states
  • Spain  colonized Florida, Mexico, Guatemala, and most of South America (New Spain)
  • France   colonized Canada/Quebec and Louisiana (New France)
  • Portugal    colonized Brazil
  • The Netherlands   (sometimes called 'Holland') colonized New Netherland (New York/New Jersey along the Hudson River)
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
*Click each explorer's name in blue to watch a short video about the explorer.*

 
We also learned about six major explorers, who sailed across the Atlantic and found a 'New World,' which ended up being North and South America.  The explorers are:
  • Christopher Columbus:  The FIRST European to reach the New World.  Sent by Spain to find riches.
    



 
  • Juan Ponce de Leon:  Columbus's friend, he discovered Florida and claimed it for Spain while searching for the Fountain of Youth.  (Guess what?  Yeah, he never found it.)
   
 
  • Vasco Nunez Balboa First European to see the Pacific Ocean when he crossed the Isthmus of Panama.  He was from Spain and was searching for wealth and fame.
 

 
  • John Cabot:  He worked for the king of England; landed on Newfoundland (Canada) while trying to get to Asia.
 

 
  • Jacques Cartier:  French explorer who was looking for gold and the Northwest Passage; he discovered the St. Lawrence River (on what is now the U.S./Canada border).
  

 
  • Henry Hudson: Explored and named the Hudson River in New York; also discovered the Hudson Bay in Canada.  Worked for the Netherlands and England, he also was looking for a Northwest Passage to Asia.

   

 

LEGAL DISCLAIMER TO OTHER EDUCATORS:  All clip art as well as information on this page was painstakingly gathered, researched, and written by me (Matt Foster) over hundreds of hours.    If you are an educator and wish to use this information for your page, please have professional courtesy and contact me via email at mcfoster@polk.k12.ga.us.  (Original texts owned by the author and protected under Title 17, U.S.C.)

Contact Us
Polk School District 612 South College St.
Cedartown, GA 30125
View Map & Directions
Phone: 770-748-3821
Fax: 770-748-5131
Translator     
Google-Translate-Chinese (Simplified) BETA Google-Translate-English to French Google-Translate-English to German Google-Translate-English to Italian Google-Translate-English to Japanese BETA Google-Translate-English to Korean BETA Google-Translate-English to Russian BETA Google-Translate-English to Spanish Google-Translate-English to Tagalog Google-Translate-English to Portuguese Google-Translate-English to Vietnamese