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Week 25/ February 12 to February 16

Februray 12 2018

Essential Question:

All Apply/ Budget Research Activator:

Teaching Strategies: 

Students will work on their Senior Budgets and complete all required research that they will transfer to an organized format when we go to the library,

Budget Material is available under Senior Budget Project Checklist entitled Senior Budget Project Instructions and blank template.

Summarizer:

Students will submit Senior Budget Project

 

February 13 2018

Essential Question:

Standard:  SSEPF3 The student will explain how changes in monetary and fiscal policy can have an impact on an individual’s spending and saving choices.

b. Define progressive, regressive, and proportional taxes.

c. Explain how an increase in sales tax affects different income groups.

EQ:  How do taxes affect different groups of people?

Activator:

Classnotes:

There are three different types of taxes that affect income groups in different ways.

Proportional Tax:  All income groups pay the same percentage.

Progressive Tax:  As your income rises, the percentage you pay in taxes rises.  (Income Tax)

Regressive Tax:  As your income rises, the percentage you pay in taxes falls.  (Sales Tax)

 

On a blank sheet of paper students will list out all the different types of taxes you can think of.   After students create list, discuss some of the taxes.  What is being taxed?  Who is receiving revenue?

Teaching Strategies: 

Students will learn about taxes.  The reason for taxes will be addressed (providing public goods and services)  and the various types of taxes.  Students will also be introduced the the concept of fiscal policy by simply receiving a definition.

Presentation is available under Unit 6 Monetary and Fiscal Policy entitled Tax Structures Presentation and activity is entitled Types of Taxes Case Study.

Presentation CLICK HERE

Practice CLICK HERE

Summarizer:

Socrative Exit Ticket 

 

February 14 2018

Essential Question:

SSEMA1 The student will illustrate the means by which economic activity is measured.

f. Describe the difference between the national debt and government deficits.

EQ: How does government spending impact the national debt?

Activator:

Classnotes:

Though fiscal policy is a tool that can be used to influence the economy, there are problems with it.  Expansionary fiscal policy can create budget deficits and increase the national debt.

A Budget Deficit occurs when government expenditures exceed tax revenues.  This is measured on a yearly basis.

The National Debt is the amount the United States government owes to bondholders.  This increases each year the United States runs a budget deficit.

 

Socrative warm up Review on Types of Taxes or Worksheet covering types of taxes.  Available under Unit 6 Monetary and Fiscal Policy entitled Tax Overview Recap.

CLICK HERE

Teaching Strategies: 

Students will be introduced to the second concept in fiscal policy, government spending.  Students will learn about National Debt, National Deficit, and Surplus.  With any time left students will conduct research on problems concerning the national debt.

Video on National Debt: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_TjBNjc9Bo

Start 3:40 to 11:00

Presentation is available under Unit 6 Monetary and Fiscal Policy entitled Debt and Deficit and Reasons for Concern about the National Debt.

Presentation CLICK HERE

Resources for researching National Debt:

https://www.conservativereview.com/articles/2018-problem-will-still-debt/

http://www.scholarsstrategynetwork.org/brief/why-there-nothing-scary-about-us-national-debt

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/national-debt-passes-16-trillion-should-you-worry/

http://www.businessinsider.com/us-government-19-trillion-debt-not-a-problem-2016-4

http://theweek.com/articles/536307/dont-worry-aboutthe-rising-national-debt-seriously-just-dont

https://www.thedenverchannel.com/newsy/the-national-debt-is-20-trillion-and-thats-a-huge-problem

http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2013/08/the-five-worst-reasons-why-the-national-debt-should-matter-to-you-part-one-high-debt-levels-and-jobs.html

http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/10/09/5-facts-about-the-national-debt-what-you-should-know/

http://www.askheritage.org/what-are-the-real-problems-with-the-national-debt/

http://mic.com/articles/73067/america-is-17-trillion-in-debt-here-s-why-you-shouldn-t-be-worried#.bxpd0NGfo

Summarizer:

Socrative Exit on Taxes and Debt/Deficit/Surplus

 

February 15 2018

Essential Question:

SSEPF3 The student will explain how changes in monetary and fiscal policy can have an impact on an individual’s spending and saving choices.

b. Define progressive, regressive, and proportional taxes.

c. Explain how an increase in sales tax affects different income groups.

SSEMA1 The student will illustrate the means by which economic activity is measured.

f. Describe the difference between the national debt and government deficits.

EQ: How can government taxing and spending affect the economy?

Activator:

Socrative Quiz covering Taxes and Debt and Deficit (Socrative may be taken in previous class)

Teaching Strategies: 

Students will be grouped in pairs based on quiz results and complete one activity on taxes and spending/ fiscal policy practice and conduct research on the  national debt.  Activity is available under Unit 6 Monetary and Fiscal Policy entitled Taxes and Spending Practice and Reasons for Concern about the National Debt.

Resources for researching National Debt:

https://www.conservativereview.com/articles/2018-problem-will-still-debt/

http://www.scholarsstrategynetwork.org/brief/why-there-nothing-scary-about-us-national-debt

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/national-debt-passes-16-trillion-should-you-worry/

http://www.businessinsider.com/us-government-19-trillion-debt-not-a-problem-2016-4

http://theweek.com/articles/536307/dont-worry-aboutthe-rising-national-debt-seriously-just-dont

https://www.thedenverchannel.com/newsy/the-national-debt-is-20-trillion-and-thats-a-huge-problem

http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2013/08/the-five-worst-reasons-why-the-national-debt-should-matter-to-you-part-one-high-debt-levels-and-jobs.html

http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/10/09/5-facts-about-the-national-debt-what-you-should-know/

http://mic.com/articles/73067/america-is-17-trillion-in-debt-here-s-why-you-shouldn-t-be-worried#.bxpd0NGfo

http://www.askheritage.org/what-are-the-real-problems-with-the-national-debt/

http://mic.com/articles/73067/america-is-17-trillion-in-debt-here-s-why-you-shouldn-t-be-worried#.bxpd0NGfo

Presentation is available under Unit 6 Monetary and Fiscal Policy entitled Debt and Deficit and Reasons for Concern about the National Debt.

Presentation CLICK HERE

Taxes and Spending Practice CLICK HERE

Reasons for Concern CLICK HERE

Summarizer:

Students will take same quiz from Activator for a grade

 

February 16 2018

Essential Question:

SSEMA3 The student will explain how the government uses fiscal policy to promote price stability, full employment, and economic growth.

a. Define fiscal policy.

b. Explain the government’s taxing and spending decisions.

EQ:  How can government use fiscal policy to affect the economy?

Activator:

Classnotes:

Fiscal Policy is the use of tax revenue and government spending to influence aggregate demand and the overall economy.  Fiscal policy is made by the federal government (Congress and President).

 

Expansionary Fiscal Policy

Contractionary Fiscal Policy

When:  During a Contraction

When: During Inflation

Actions:  Increase Government Spending

          Decrease Taxes

Actions: Decrease Government Spending

         Increase Taxes

Results:  Increase Aggregate Demand, Increase Real GDP, Decrease Unemployment, raise price level,  Economy will enter expansion

Results:  Decrease Aggregate Demand, Decrease Real GDP, Increase Unemployment, LOWER PRICE LEVEL, Economy will contract

 

Students will take prequiz that covers Fiscal Policy.

Teaching Strategies: 

Students will be introduced to the concept of Fiscal Policy.  They will learn about the two tools of Fiscal Policy, taxing and spending.  Students will fill out a graphic organizer that covers the basics of fiscal policy, this will help complete activities related to fiscal policy. Graphic Organizer is available under Unit 6 Monetary and Fiscal Policy entitled Fiscal Policy Graphic Organizer.pdf.

Students will then complete two practice problems that ask them to apply the tools of fiscal policy.  available under Unit 6 Monetary and Fiscal Policy entitled Fiscal Policy Practice.

Presentation CLICK HERE

Graphic Organizer CLICK HERE

Practice CLICK HERE

Summarizer:

Students will same take same quiz they took as a warm up to assess growth.

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