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Week 22/January 21 to January 25

January 21 2018

Essential Question:

What traits did the Mayans possess?  What does this tell us about their decline?

Standard:

SSWH8 Describe the diverse characteristics of societies in Central and South America.

  1. Explain the rise and fall of the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca Empires.
  2. Activator:

 

Activator:

Socrative pretest covering content over next 5 days, will be taken for grade on 5th day (create)

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

Nearpod Code for Week's Notes: WYJZU

Following the decline of the Olmecs a group called the Maya predominated the region of the Yucatan Peninsula.  The Maya had a complex political structure, ruled by small numbers of aristocrats.  The Maya were polytheistic and spent a great deal of time at war acquiring sacrificial victims.  The Maya  were heavily influenced by the Olmec.  They were located on the Yucatan Peninsula and through much of Central America.  There was no single Mayan political entity, but many Mayan city-states, and each Mayan city had its own ruler – usually male.  Nobles served as military leaders, tax collectors, law enforcers, etc.  Merchants formed the middle class.  The majority of Mayans were farmers.  Some cities had large temples and palaces made of stone.  They developed a hieroglyphic writing system and were famous for the 365-day calendar based on the movement of the sun.  The Mayans  worshipped many gods. They offered sacrifices to the gods in hopes of a good harvest.  Around 900 A.D., the Mayans abandoned many of their cities.  By the time the Spanish arrived in 1500 A.D., the remaining Mayans usually lived in farming villages.  The Maya suffered a mysterious and sudden decline.

Students will be introduced to the Mayans.

They will then begin a project that asks them to research either the Aztecs or Inca’s as a murder mystery.

Students should spend the first 2 days (at most) completing the graphic organizer on either the  Aztecs or Incas.  Time will be spent filling this out as class on the Mayans.  The graphic organizer will be taken up for a daily grade.  After students fill out the graphic organizer they will then either write a transcript, film a video, write a story, that presents the information in a creative or unified manner.  On the 5th day, students will take a quiz, and students may submit on this day.  Project may be submitted after 4 days for a 110.  Project may be submitted after 5 days for a 100.  Graphic organizer will be submitted on 5th day.

First 4800 CLICK HERE

First 4800 Instructions CLICK HERE

First 4800 Sample Project CLICK HERE

All Maya, Aztec, and Inca Notes CLICK HERE

Study Guide CLICK HERE

Summarizer:

Questions on project.

Differentiation:

Students will fill out graphic organizer and then turn into creative project.

 

 

January 22 2018

Essential Question:

What made the Aztecs such a successful Mesoamerican Empire?

Standard:

SSWH8 Describe the diverse characteristics of societies in Central and South America.

a. Explain the rise and fall of the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca Empires.

Activator:

We will discuss the geography of these Mesoamerican civilizations.

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

Eventually a group known as the Aztecs became the dominant group in Mesoamerica.  The Aztec built their capital city (Tenochtitlan) on an island in a large lake in the Valley of Mexico.  The Aztecs captured surrounding territories but allowed these areas considerable autonomy in return for paying tribute.  Tribute was a key way that the Aztecs used to gain wealth and success.  Conquests were motivated by two factors: the need for sacrificial victims and military conquests were a means of achieving political power and social status.   The most important social structure was large kinship groups called calpullis.  The nobility was hereditary  and ruled over a vast administrative bureaucracy.  Around Tenochtitlan there was limited farmland, and  as the population expanded, farmers drained lakes to build chinampas.  The Aztec will eventually be conquered by the Spanish lead by Hernan Cortes.  Cortes was able to get peoples who were angered by Aztec tribute demands to join him and the Spanish in their campaign against the Aztecs.

Students will be introduced to the Aztecs and continue to work on project.

Summarizer:

Questions on project.

Differentiation:

Same a previous project project day

 

January 23 2018

Essential Question:

How were the Tokugawa in Japan and the Qing and Ming in China alike and different?

 

Standard:

b. Describe the impact of the Qing and Ming Dynasty policies on the social structure of

China.

 

Activator:

Questions?  Study Guide CLICK HERE

Teaching Strategies:

Test

5th and 7th period will finish watching The Last Samurai.

Last Samurai Questions CLICK HERE

Summarizer:

None

Differentiation:

None

 

Januray 24 2018

Essential Question:

How were the Inca unique when compared to Aztecs and Mayans?

 

Standard:

SSWH8 Describe the diverse characteristics of societies in Central and South America.

a. Explain the rise and fall of the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca Empires. Activator:

Activator:

We will discuss how these societies used sacrifices.  We will watch a quick video about what the Incas did to their sacrificial victims.

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

The Inka (or Inca) became the dominant group in the Andes region of South America in the 100 years before the Spanish conquest.  The Inca’s rapid campaign of conquest brought the entire region under their authority. A highly centralized state was created, based on forced labor, called a mita.  A system of 24,800 miles of highways and roads was constructed to allow for ease of movement in the extreme climate and terrain of the Andes.  The Incas used terraced agriculture systems watered by complex irrigation system, to grow crops all over mountains.  Like Aztecs, the Inka state was built on war.  Each new Emperor had to acquire new territory to sustain his wealth and the  Empire.  The Inka kept records using a system of knotted strings called quipu, because they had no organized writing system.  The Incas will eventually be conquered by the Spanish under Francisco Pissarro.

Summarizer:

Questions of project?

Differentiation:

Same as previous project day.

 

Januray 25 2018

Essential Question:

How were the Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas alike and different?

Standard:

SSWH8 Describe the diverse characteristics of societies in Central and South America.

a. Explain the rise and fall of the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca Empires. Activator:

Activator:

In your notebook explain each in 10 words or less:

Mayans-

Aztecs-

Incas-

Calpullis-

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

Religion-Mayan, Aztec, and Incan were all polytheistic, used human sacrifice, had divine rulers, and built monumental architecture for their gods/ religion.

 

Culture-Mayan, Aztec, and Incan all had highly divided and organized social classes, had leadership that was passed down by birth, and relied on the basic division of the family system. 

 

Economics- Mayan, Aztec, and Incan all relied on agriculture.  Trade was more important in the Mayan and Aztec Empires because Incan’s were able to grow different crops at different elevations, allowing each family unit to be relativity self-sufficient.

 

Students will submit their project for 110 points if they have finished it.  If not they will continue to work on their project.

Summarizer:

Differentiation:

Same as previous project day

 

Next Week------------

 

January 28 2018

Essential Question:

How were the Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas alike and different?

Standard:

SSWH8 Describe the diverse characteristics of societies in Central and South America.

a. Explain the rise and fall of the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca Empires. Activator:

Activator:

Questions from Study Guide or questions from the quiz.

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

Politics- Aztecs and Incans ruled a unified empire, whereas the Mayans were divided in many different political entities each based on a single city-state. Mayan, Aztec, and Incan all had hereditary rulers who served important roles in their religious beliefs.

 

Technology- Mayan, Aztec, and Incan all made major advancements in agriculture and in the use of stone work in large building.  All three had forms of record keeping, but only the Aztecs and Mayans used writing, whereas the Incans used knotted strings to keep records.

After notes students will take a post test and submit their project if they have not.

Summarizer:

Socrative posttest for a grade

Differentiation:

Students will take a posttest

 

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