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Week 20/ January 8 to January 12

January 8 2018

Essential Question:

How was the feudalism system alike or different from the feudal order in Europe?

Standard:

SSWH11 Examine political and social changes in Japan and in China from the fourteenth

century CE/AD to mid-nineteenth century CE/AD.

a. Describe the impact of the Tokugawa Shogunate policies on the social structure of Japan.

 

Activator:

Socrative pretest on next previous 4 days content. 

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

In Japan, there was  a dispute over who should be the next shogun – Japanese word for leader or ruler.  The dispute started almost 100 years of war in Japan.  In the late 1500s, three daimyo (powerful territorial lord in Japan) won this long struggle and established the centralized feudal system in Japan.  The first overlord in Japan’s new government was Oda Nobunaga.  In 1582 he was attacked by one of his own people and committed suicide because he was badly wounded.  The second overlord was Toyotomi Hideyoshi.  He was the leader of Oda Nobunaga’s army & took over when he died.  He forced other daimyo to pledge their loyalty to him and decreased the size of their territory.  He died in 1598, and was replaced by the third and most powerful overlord, Tokugawa Ieyasu.  He established the capital of Japan in present-day Tokyo.  He defeated other daimyo who wanted power, but let them keep their land.  His family would keep control of Japan for almost 250 years.  This marked the start of the Tokugawa Shogunate.  

 

The political system under the Tokugawa was a mix of feudalism and a central monarchy.  Each daimyo ruled his territory as an absolute ruler.  Peasants paid taxes to support the daimyo.  Each daimyo had loyal Samurai, who served as bureaucrats to the Shogun.  Samurai’s wealth was based on their service to the Shogun, which meant they could not build their own wealth.  Daimyo also had to live part time in the capital, Edo.  These actions  helped strengthen the Shogun, and weaken local lords.  Under the Tokugawa, Japan had a strong central government that brought stability to Japan.  They also closed the country to foreign influence by banning most overseas trade, and prohibiting Japanese citizens from traveling outside the country.

 

We will begin watching The Last Samurai that is a film that covers this time period. This unit will end the day after The Last Samurai is done playing.  The test will be the day after the video.  Students will also answer directed questions as activators each day that covers material from the previous day of the notes.

Study Guide CLICK HERE

Summarizer:

Video will play to the bell.

Differentiation:

Video and written response.

 

 

January 9 2018

Essential Question:

How were the Tokugawa in Japan and the Qing and Ming in China alike and different?

Standard:

SSWH11 Examine political and social changes in Japan and in China from the fourteenth

century CE/AD to mid-nineteenth century CE/AD.

a. Describe the impact of the Tokugawa Shogunate policies on the social structure of Japan.

 

Activator:

Students will answer a guided question related to the portion of the movie we watched on the previous day.

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

Society was organized into strict social classes under the Tokugawa.  A person’s social class was determined by birth with sons following the occupation of their father.  A person was not allowed to move out of the class they were born into.  

 

Overtime the system faced challenges.  Daimyo were not able to raise enough revenue to meet their needs.  Samurai felt their positions were too weak and that they could not gain wealth. Peasants could not sustain paying higher taxes that daimyo forced on them.  All of these conditions helped make the arrival of American Commodore  Matthew Perry, who demanded Japan be open to trade, a watershed moment.  The Tokugawa Shogunate agreed to Perry’s demands, and for it’s the shogunate deal was overthrown, and  a new emperor was placed in power.  This began the Meji Restoration in Japan.

 

We will continue watching The Last Samurai that is a film that covers this time period..

 

 

Summarizer:

We will discuss the questions students answered as an activator.

 

Differentiation:

Video and written response.

 

 

January 10 2018

Essential Question:

How were the Tokugawa in Japan and the Qing and Ming in China alike and different?

Standard:

b. Describe the impact of the Qing and Ming Dynasty policies on the social structure of

China.

 

Activator:

We will look over questions from the study guide and pretest.  Students will also answer a question related to the portion of the video we watched yesterday.

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

Prior to the 1600s, the Ming Dynasty was in control of China. Early Ming emperors funded voyages overseas.  During the Ming, Confucian practices were brought to the fore and the examination system was reintegrated in society.  Social classes became more stratified with the scholar gentry at the top.  After the scholar gentry, came farmers, with merchants and artisans at the bottom of the social hierarchy.  The Ming helped grow China’s economy, and also limited trade with Europeans to a single port.   A group called the Manchu, from outside of Northern China will take over China and found the Qing Dynasty.  China’s economy continued to grow during the Qing dynasty.  Qing rulers begin to require certain regions to specialize (to focus on production of one good instead of producing all goods) in producing certain goods.  Trade expanded within and outside of China.  Most people lived in the country and farmed crops.  As cities grew, the people living in the cities depended on the clothing and crops from the country.  The growth of cities led to the rise of popular culture – a shared set of values and preferences of a group of people.  

We will continue watching The Last Samurai that is a film that covers this time period..

Summarizer:

We will discuss the questions student answered as the activator.

Differentiation:

Video and written response.

 

January 11 2018

Essential Question:

How were the Tokugawa in Japan and the Qing and Ming in China alike and different?

 

Standard:

b. Describe the impact of the Qing and Ming Dynasty policies on the social structure of

China.

 

Activator:

We will look over questions from the study guide and pretest.  Students will also answer a question related to the portion of the video we watched yesterday.

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

Society under the Qing was based on the family.  Men  directed the activities of the whole family.  Women  married and went to live with the husband and his family.  China’s population grew quickly under the Qing Dynasty.  The growing population put pressure on the government to meet the needs of the people.  Corruption was widespread in the government and many government officials would demand bribes in return for government assistance.  The government raised taxes but did not do enough to help the peasant class.  In 1796, members of a Buddhist cult started a revolt – called the White Lotus Rebellion.  The government was able to regain control, but the rebellion seriously weakened the dynasty.  Rebellions continued throughout the 1800s and caused the dynasty to come to an end.

 

We will continue watching The Last Samurai that is a film that covers this time period..

 

Summarizer:

We will discuss the questions student answered as the activator.

Differentiation:

Video and written question

 

January 12 2018

Essential Question:

How were the Tokugawa in Japan and the Qing and Ming in China alike and different?

 

Standard:

b. Describe the impact of the Qing and Ming Dynasty policies on the social structure of

China.

 

Activator:

We will look over questions from the study guide and pretest.  Students will also answer a question related to the portion of the video we watched yesterday. 

Teaching Strategies:

We will continue watching The Last Samurai that is a film that covers this time period..

Schedule will be flexible as we will take test the period after The Last Samurai is complete.

Summarizer:

We will discuss the questions student answered as the activator.

Differentiation:

Video and written question

 

January 15 2018

Essential Question:

How were the Tokugawa in Japan and the Qing and Ming in China alike and different?

 

Standard:

b. Describe the impact of the Qing and Ming Dynasty policies on the social structure of

China.

 

Activator:

We will look over questions from the study guide and pretest.  Students will also answer a question related to the portion of the video we watched yesterday. 

Teaching Strategies:

We will continue watching The Last Samurai that is a film that covers this time period.

Any additional time will be used to go over the study guide.  If needed, this day will be removed and the test will be on this day

Summarizer:

We will discuss the questions student answered as the activator.

Differentiation:

Video and written question 

 

 

December 14 2017

Essential Question:

How were the Tokugawa in Japan and the Qing and Ming in China alike and different?

 

Standard:

b. Describe the impact of the Qing and Ming Dynasty policies on the social structure of

China.

 

Activator:

Questions

Teaching Strategies:

Test

Summarizer:

None

Differentiation:

None

 

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