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World War II

World War II:

SS5H4 Explain America’s involvement in World War II.

a. Describe German aggression in Europe and Japanese aggression in Asia.

b. Describe major events in the war in both Europe and the Pacific; include Pearl Harbor, Iwo Jima, D-Day, VE and VJ Days, and the Holocaust.

c. Discuss President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

d. Identify Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill, Hirohito, Truman, Mussolini, and Hitler.

e. Describe the effects of rationing and the changing role of women and African Americans or Blacks; include "Rosie the Riveter" and the Tuskegee Airmen.

f. Explain the role of Eleanor Roosevelt and the U.S. in the formation of the United Nations.

 

World War II Vocabulary:

Axis Powers

      Germany, Italy and Japan joined together in Sept. 1940

Allied Powers

An alliance between France, Great Britain, Australia, New   Zealand, South Africa, Canada and the U.S.

Pearl Harbor

Attack by Japan on December 7, 1941 on a naval base in Hawaii; this led the United States to join World War II

D-Day

Largest sea invasion in history, led by US General Eisenhower; ultimately pushed the Germans out of France

Holocaust

Horrible time when millions of Jews were killed by Hitler’s Nazis

VE Day

Day that Americans and Europeans celebrated Germany’s surrender (Victory in Europe Day)

Iwo Jima

Pacific island where the Japanese put up a fierce battle but eventually lost to US Marines, part of island-hopping military campaign to get US troops closer to Japan

Hiroshima

Japanese city where the first atomic bomb ever used in war was dropped

Nagasaki

Japanese city where the 2nd atomic bomb was dropped, causing Japan to finally surrender

VJ Day

Day when the Japanese finally surrendered (Victory in Japan Day)

Franklin Roosevelt

US president during most of WWII; he died in office in 1945 (Allies)

Joseph Stalin

dictator of the Soviet Union during WWII (Allies)

Winston Churchill

Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII (Allies)

Harry Truman

Became president when Roosevelt died, made the decision to use atomic bombs on Japan; desegregated the military in 1948

Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Germany that was responsible for starting WWII and the Holocaust (Axis)

Benito Mussolini

Dictator of Italy during WWII (Axis)

Hirohito

Leader of Japan during WWII; had a plan for an East Asia empire (Axis)

 

Rationing

Most Americans had to limit their consumer goods during WWII (gasoline, coffee, sugar, etc.)

Rosie the Riveter

Government poster that represented women going to work in factories while men were away at war

Tuskegee Airmen

Famous African American pilots who protected bomber planes during WWII

Eleanor Roosevelt

Traveled the world to promote human rights; helped write the Declaration of Human Rights

United Nations

 

 

 

international peace-keeping organization that was created as a result of WWII

 

 

Pros and Cons of dropping the atomic bombs:    http://old.seattletimes.com/special/trinity/supplement/procon.html

 

 

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