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The Great Depression and the New Deal

The Great Depression and the New Deal:

SS5H3 Explain how the Great Depression and New Deal affected the lives of millions of Americans.

a. Discuss the Stock Market Crash of 1929, Herbert Hoover, Franklin Roosevelt, the Dust Bowl, and soup kitchens.

b. Analyze the main features of the New Deal; include the significance of the Civilian Conservation Corps, Works Progress Administration, and the Tennessee Valley Authority.

c. Discuss important cultural elements of the 1930s; include Duke Ellington, Margaret Mitchell, and Jesse Owens.

 

Great Depression and New Deal Vocabulary:

  1. Stock Market Crash 1929- Also known as Black Tuesday, this event occurred when the price of stocksrapidly decreased, causing people to panic and sell their stocks
  1. Herbert Hoover-  President of the US when the stock market crashed and the Depression began, he did not do much to help the American people or the economy
  1. Franklin D. Roosevelt- Elected as  president in 1932 because he had a plan to pull America out of the Depression, his New Deal plan had many successful programs that helped Americans get back on their feet
  1. DustBowl- During the Great Depression, there was a severe drought in the Great Plains. Strong prairie winds picked up the topsoil and spread dust everywhere. Many farm families packed everything up and moved west.
  1. Soup Kitchens- Charities that provided bread and soup to homeless and jobless people during the Depression
  1. New Deal- Roosevelt’s plan to use government programs to help the nation recover from the Depression
  1. Civilian Conservation Corps- Gave jobs to young men between the ages of 18-25, they built roads, planted forests, and worked on irrigation and national parks projects
  1. Works Progress Administration- Workers built roads, parks bridges, airports, and buildings; also hired artists to paint murals and build sculptures
  1. Tennessee Valley Authority- built dams to control flooding and provide electricity throughout 7 states
  1. Duke Ellington- Famous pianist, composer, and bandleader during the “swing era,” swing music was a new style of jazz
  1. Margaret Mitchell- Atlanta native who won a Pulitzer Prize for Gone with the Wind, a novel set in the South during the Civil War
  1. Jesse Owens- African American athlete who won 4 gold medals at 1936 Olympics; angered Hitler because he thought African American race was inferior to German race

 

 

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