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Week 17/ December 4 to December 8

December 4 2017

Essential Question:

What was the significance of the printing press?

Standard:

d. Explain the importance of Gutenberg and the invention of the printing press.

 

Activator:

Students will take an open note quiz that covers all the material from the previous week.  We will do notes after the quiz.

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press in about 1440.  The printing press combined three already existing techniques: movable type, the printing press, and use of ink on paper.  The printing press allowed written words and images to be massed produced.  This allowed ideas to spread widely.  Before the printing press everything had to be handwritten and books were rare.

We will watch a quick video about the printing press.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ojyCDRc8uc

Following this students will have to pick 5 objects that have made communication easier.  One of the must be the printing press.  Students will indicate three things about each object: When it was created, what exactly it did, and how was an improvement over previous technology.

Summarizer:

We will discuss or students will submit.  Activity will depend on how much time is left after students take the quiz.

Differentiation:

Independent investigation of technology

 

December 5 2017

Essential Question:

What was the importance of Martin Luther?

Standard:

e. Analyze the impact of the Protestant Reformation, include: the ideas of Martin Luther and

John Calvin.

 

Activator:

We will discuss the importance of the catholic Church during this time period.  This will help serve as a transition to the importance of Martin Luther.

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

In the 1400s the Roman Catholic Church  was  influential, extravagant, and worldly.  People were concerned over the actions of the Church and started to criticize the Church. Humanists believed that the Church was more interested in making money than saving souls.  Many believed the pope acted as a political leader instead of a moral leader.  Luther’s stand against the Church opened the door for others to disagree with Church teachings.  People expressed different ideas on religious matters.  Lutheranism rose in Germany and different religious ideas spread across Europe.

 

Martin Luther  wrote The Ninety-Five Theses that said that selling indulgences (which were payments made to reduce someone’s time in purgatory) was sinful and that indulgences would not forgive sin.  He criticized the power of the pope and the growing wealth of the Church.  He also belived that one could achieve justification by faith alone, and that good works (i.e. actions within the Church) was not needed.  Luther also felt that anyone should be able to access the Bible, and that one did not have to go through religious clergy.  He nailed the theses to the doors of the church so that people would read them as they came to the church.  Others published the theses and distributed them across Europe.  Luther’s beliefs became the belief system of Lutheranism.  This caused an increase in the desire for reform and marks the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.

 

John Calvin was an important Protestant reformer who supported Martin Luther.  Calvin preached “predestination” – the idea that God had decided who would be saved at the beginning of time.  God guides the life of those destined to be saved.  He wanted to make society good for those who had been chosen for salvation.

Students will then read and answer questions related to Martin Luther.

Martin Luther CLICK HERE

Summarizer:

Students will submit documents

Differentiation:

Document examination

 

December 6 2017

Essential Question:

How did Henry VIII handle his opposition to the Catholic Church?  What was the long term influence?

Standard:

f. Describe the English Reformation, include: the role of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.

 

Activator:

We will create a discussion between Henry VIII and his wives. 

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

Henry VIII was the King of England and was a devout Catholic.  His wife Catherine had only given him a daughter and he wanted a son to inherit the throne.  He decided to have his marriage annulled – made void, or cancelled.  The pope would not agree to this.  Henry VIII withdrew from the Catholic Church and created the Church of England (Anglican Church) with the king at the head of the Church.  Henry VIII divorced Catherine and married a total of 6 times.  Henry VIII did eventually father a son, Edward.  Edward took the throne in 1547, but died shortly after.  His sister Mary took the throne and returned power to the pope.  She had many Protestants burned at the stake for heresy, and earned her the title of Bloody Mary  When Mary died her half-sister Elizabeth becomes the Queen.  Elizabeth I was a Protestant.  In 1559 she drafted the Supremacy Act which caused England to split from the Catholic Church for a second time.  Catholics tried to have one of their people placed in the position of Queen, but were unsuccessful.  Elizabeth persecuted the Catholics and secured the Church of England.

 

Students will begin watching a video that covers Henry VIII and his wives.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FNpVTONLTw

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-zn9wZI-KjY

Or…

Students will finish working on their Martin Luther reading.  More than likely, this will serve as a second day for working on the Martin Luther writing and reading activity.

Summarizer:

We discuss pertinent points from quiz creation activity.

Or…

Students will submit their Martin Luther writing and reading Activity.

Differentiation:

Quiz creation and share.

 

December 7 2017

Essential Question:

How did the Council of Trent and the Jesuits try to protect the Catholic Church?

Standard:

g. Describe the Counter Reformation at the Council of Trent and the role of the Jesuits.

 

Activator:

In your own words define:

-Renaissance

-Henry VIII

-Humanism

-Feudalism

Teaching Strategies:

Classnotes-

In the 1530s – Catholics started a major reform effort known as the Counter Reformation.  It began as an attempt to return the Church to an emphasis on spiritual matters.  Also included a campaign to stop the spread of Protestantism.  The pope used the Inquisition to put heretics on trial and impose harsh punishments.  Pope Paul III summoned church leaders to a meeting to define Church doctrine. This meeting became known as the Council of Trent.  The Council of Trent ended the sale of indulgences and tightened discipline within the clergy.  Also claimed that salvation came from individual faith and participation in Church ceremonies.  The Council also said that people must depend on priests because God only granted forgiveness through the Church and stressed that every person had free will – no predestination!

 

During the Counter Reformation many Catholic religious orders reformed their rules, and new religious orders formed.  One new group were the Jesuits, or Society of Jesus.  They believed that salvation could be achieved by doing good deeds.  Followers took vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience to the pope.

Organized like a military and became the most effective agents in spreading Catholicism throughout Europe and parts of Asia.  Combined humanist educational values with Catholic doctrines to produce educated & faithful Church members.

 

Students will finish watching a video that covers Henry VIII and his wives.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FNpVTONLTw

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-zn9wZI-KjY

Summarizer:

We will review study guide for test on the following day.

Differentiation:

Video and worksheet review.

 

 

 

December 8 2017

Essential Question:

All apply, test day

Standard:

All apply, test day

 

Activator:

Questions?

Teaching Strategies:

Test

 

Summarizer:

None

Differentiation:

None

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