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Week August 28-Sept11 New SS8H1 European Exploration

SS8H1 European Exploration 8/28/17

Evaluate the impact of European exploration
and settlement on American Indians in Georgia.
a. Describe the characteristics of American Indians living in Georgia at the time of European contact; to include culture, food, weapons/tools, and shelter.
b. Explain reasons for European exploration and settlement of North America, with emphasis on the interests of the Spanish and British in the Southeastern area.
c. Evaluate the impact of Spanish contact on American Indians, including the explorations of Hernando DeSoto and the establishment of Spanish missions along the barrier islands. 

Essential Questions SS8H1

  1. How did the Mississippian Indians survive in terms of food, weapons/tools, and shelter, and describe their culture.
  2. Explain the reasons for European exploration and settlement.
  3. How were the Spanish and British interests similar and different?
  4. What was the overall impact of the Spanish on the American Indians?
  5. Who is Hernando DeSoto and what did he and the Spanish do with the Spanish Missions? Where were the missions?

Power point - Below
http://www.exceedthestandard.com/gse-ss8h1.html

Jeopardy Game For SS8H1 - 

https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6obPh2QrsOqb3EtUm13N3NxWU0

Review gameshttp://Review http://teacherpages.hallco.org/webpages/dfarr/gareviewgames.cfm     games are the property of Mrs. Farr Hall County- Thank you Click on  the blue links to play Geography games 

Games for SS8H1 

http://reviewgamezone.com/games3/bounce.php?test_id=20632&title=SS8H1%20%20Game%201%20Native%20American%20Cultures

http://reviewgamezone.com/games3/ants.php?test_id=20634&title=SS8H1%20%20Game%202%20European%20Exploration

Summary sheet with notes below

/userfiles/617/my files/-$it 5 summary.doc?id=239516

Vocabulary  SS8H1 - 

 • Chert - sedimentary rock used by the American Indians to make knives.
 • Commoners - the work force in the Mississippian culture.
 • Elites - the power holders in the Mississippian culture.• Horticulture - garden cultivation; important to the Mississippian culture.
 • Maize - another term for corn.
 • Mississippian Indians (800 C.E.-1600 C.E.) - the last major prehistoric Native American culture in Georgia; known for being large scale framers and mound builders who traded throughout North America. 
• Okefenokee Swamp - the largest swamp in North America; was the home to many Native Americans and a location for Spanish missions. 
• Wattle and Daub - walls built of a network of interwoven sticks and covered with mud or clay; used by early American Indian cultures and European settlers.• Mercantilism - the English economic policy focused on exporting more than importing.
    • Missions - churches set up by the Spanish in hopes of converting Native Americans to Christianity.
Barrier islands - several island off Georgia’s coast; inhabited by Native Americans; the Spanish built several missions on these islands. 
• De Soto, Hernando (1496-1542) - Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition through the Southeastern United States; credited as being the first European in Georgia.

SS8H1 Exploration and American Indians in Georgia Study guide

 

1. There were four American Indian Periods (Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian). During the Mississippian Period, what was the organization called within the tribe that held the chief and elites? Chiefdom

2. What was the major difference in the Mississippian Indians compared to the other time periods? The Mississippians were of a Hierarchy society with smaller elites and majority commoners –Advanced and forms of Government

3. Give four descriptions of the Mississippian time period.
              800AD- 1000 AD, Horticulturalists farmers, Permanent settlers, flat top mound builders, religious Hierarchy society fishermen,

  1. The Mississippians were known as large scale farmers. What were the types of crops they might have grown? Maze corn, beans, squash , pumpkins, sunflowers,

5. The Mississippian Indians were the first group of American Indians to come in contact with which group? Spanish European Explorers

6. How were the Mississippians impacted by the arrival of the Spanish and Hernando De Soto? They were introduced to slavery, diseases and death.

7. What was the purpose of the mounds during this time period? The flat top mounds were used for buildings, temples, burial sites

8. How did the Mississippian tribes evolve over time from earlier Indian Periods? The Mississippians were not nomadic and had permanent houses, villages, grew crops, fished, more civilized with a ranking system of power .better tools and weapons

9. What was the main reason the Spanish were exploring the New World? The Spanish wanted to increase their wealth and spread Christianity

10. There were three countries vying for the New World, France, England and Spain. Which country was the first to settle in America? Spain was the first to settle in the New World.

SS8H1 Exploration and American Indians in Georgia Study guide

11. What is the biggest reason that England wanted to start colonies in the New World? England wanted to start the economic trade policy of Mercantilism.

12.What was the main purpose of the Spanish Missions? Missions were used to convert the Native Americans to believe in Christ, Christianity

13. Define and explain Mercantilism. Mercantilism is the English economic policy focused on exporting more that importing goods.

14. Where in Georgia did the majority of the Spanish friars start their missions? The Spanish missions were located along the Barrier Islands east coast of USA. Cumberland Island and St. Catherine’s Island: near Okefenokee Swamp

15. Where in the New World did England control the land? (What part/ region?)
        England settled along the east coast... 13 Colonies

16. Spanish influence and colonization had more of presence in which part of the New World? Florida

17.  Why did England want to settle in the New World? England wanted to use the resources to promote Mercantilism – exporting more than importing  18. What was the two main focuses of the Spanish when they came to the New World?
 Spread Christianity and increase wealth for the mother country

19. Describe the exploration of Hernando De Soto. Desoto was a Spanish explorer who was the first to reach the area called Georgia 1540, in search for gold; He had a failed expedition and did not find any gold... He did not have a plan and enslaved, killed Natives. The violence killed and destroyed the cultures of the Mississippians. He died along the Mississippi River_

SS8H1 Exploration and American Indians in Georgia Study guide

20. Describe what the three main reasons for Spanish exploration were in the new world. God to spread Christ, Gold, Glory to give more wealth and honor to the mother country of Spain.

21. What was the major reason that the population of the Mississippian Indians began to decrease? The Europeans brought diseases the Natives immune systems could not fight. They died of small pox and the influenza, measles

22. How did the Spanish Friars try to change the American Indians in the missions? The Spanish stripped the Natives of their culture and had them embrace Spanish ways

23. What was the ultimate outcome of European colonization on the American Indians? The natives died of disease and loss of culture

24. How do we know what happened during De Soto’s exploration of Georgia and the Southeast? The conquistadores kept journals (notes) of the expedition

25. What was the ultimate of goal of Hernando De Soto? He wanted to find gold

26. How did Great Britain stop claims of Spain in the New World? Great Britain beat the Spanish Armada Spanish naval fleet which reduce the Spanish power

27. What was the major difference in the motives for the New World between Spain and Great Britain? Great Britain wanted to settle permanently and practice mercantilism and Spain wanted to find riches and was not thinking long term settlement. England used the new world for Religious Freedoms
SS8H1 Exploration and American Indians in Georgia Study guide

28. How did advances in technology influence other situations/outcomes during the Age of Exploration? (Think of positives and negative influences) Better tools and weapons allowed permanently settlement, fighting was unfair with use of guns, native were at a disadvantage, greed for land and power increased, transportation allowed countries to explore

29. What was the final outcome of Hernando De Soto’s expedition throughout the Southeast? His expedition was a failure; he did not find any gold and died along the Mississippi river.

30. How did the missions affect the American Indians? (Negatively or positively)The natives lost their culture, loss land and lives, they found a new faith.




 

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