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Types of Literature

There are two main types of literature: FICTION and NON-FICTION.

The Georgia Standards of Excellence refer to these two types as LITERARY and INFORMATIONAL. As you read literary and informational texts, you will see that there are many different genres. Below is a list and description of the genres you will read during our reading block. 


Literary-uses characters, setting, and plot to show events that are NOT real

Realistic Fiction-has plots, characters, and settings that might be found in real life.  They are stories that are make-believe, but they could have been true. 

Historical Fiction-stories that are based on events and people from the past

Mystery-a suspenful story that has a puzzling event that is solved at the end of the story, clues are given throught the story

Fables-stories used to teach a lesson, usually contains talking animals (The Lion and the Mouse, The Tortoise and the Hare)

Folktales-stories from other cultures that have been passed down from generation to generation, usually teaches a lesson (Tikki Tikki Tembo, Stone Soup)

Fairytales-stories that inlcudes magic and imaginary characters and places

Fantasy-stories that may have characters with magical powers, usually has good vs. evil conflict

Myths-a story that explain how things in nature occur, often has gods and goddesses (King Midas' Touch, Pandora's Box)

Informational-uses real people, setting, and plot to show actual (REAL) events, written to inform (give the reader information)

Biography-stories written about a real person's life by another person

Autobiography-stories people write about their OWN life


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