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Poetry

Literature:  POETRY
 
Most students DREAD reading poetry,
especially on tests.


Here's a simple clue:
READ POETRY LIKE ANYTHING ELSE-- like a story. 

Here are some basic things to know and understand about the poems you will read. 
 


·        The Form of a poem - The elements of form are number of lines, rhyme, rhythm, number of stanzas, and (for us) rules of grammar (standard or nonstandard).




Stanza - a group of lines of poetry, like a paragraph, set off usually by a blank space. Poets create stanzas for a reason. The lines belong together.

Each color represents a STANZA...

 

"Thank You, Friend"
By Joanna Fuchs

 

Thank you, friend, for all the things
That mean so much to me--
For concern and understanding
You give abundantly.

 

Thanks for listening with your heart;
For cheering me when I'm blue;
For bringing out the best in me;
And just for being you.

 

Thanks for in-depth conversation
That stimulates my brain;
For silly times we laugh out loud;
For things I can't explain.

 

For looking past my flaws and faults;
For all the time you spend;
For all the kind things that you do,
Thank you; thank you, friend.

 



Rhyme - The repetition of sound, almost always to achieve an effect or to create a rhythm. 


Rhyme Scheme:  The pattern of poems that rhyme.  It usually refers to END RHYMING poems...

 (see below this line)
Rainbow Divider

 
Little Boy Blue
 
Little Boy Blue, come blow your horn,                          A
The sheep's in the meadow, the cow's in the corn.      A
Where's the little boy who looks after the sheep?        B
Under the haystack, fast asleep.                                  B
Will you wake him? No, not I,                                       C
For if I do, he's sure to cry.                                           C
 

Rhyme Scheme:  AA BB CC

 
Border

 
Little Miss Muffet
 
Little Miss Muffet, sat on a tuffet,                              A
Eating her curds and whey;                                      B
Along came a spider, who sat down beside her        C
And frightened Miss Muffet away.                             B
 

Rhyme Scheme:  ABCB
 

 


 

The beat or pattern of stressed and unstressed lines.  For example, read the following .

 



Alliteration - The repetition of sound within a line of poetry (or prose). 

 "Slanting silver slits of rain."
"Peter Piper picked a pail of pickled peppers."



 


 

 
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