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Science study guide

The Super Science Study Guide 5th Grade Edition 


How to use this study guide? 


This study guide is to help prepare you for the Science CRCT. Here are some ideas to make the most of the SSSG: 

Make flash cards of the vocabulary words
Make illustrations to explain ideas
Find the answer to the questions in the textbook
Highlight the areas you don’t understand and ask for extra help from your teacher or friends


Science Habits

Science investigation can take many different forms (researching, experimenting, observing, collecting samples, and reading)


A variable is anything that can change the result of an experiment. When planning an experiment, scientists keep variables the same except the one they are testing. 



Some science knowledge is very old but we still use it today. 


It is important that scientists communicate their ideas clearly so that other scientists can critique and learn from the new knowledge



A hypothesis is a testable statement that scientists try to prove or disprove in an experiment.


Drawing a picture or making a model can help scientists explain their ideas. 



Scientists use the scientific method: Ask a question, Do Background Research, Make a Hypothesis, Test with an Experiment, Analyze Data, and Communicate Results




?Parts of a Microscope

















Life Science 



Bacteria, organ system, cell, microorganism, tissue, organ, mold, protists, nucleus, cell wall, chloroplast, membrane, cytoplasm, plant cell, animal cell, vertebrate, invertebrate, classification, kingdom, species, nonvascular plant, vascular plant, xylem, phloem, angiosperm, gymnosperm, dominant trait, recessive trait, inherited trait, learned behavior, chromosome, mitosis, gene, instinct












What are the functions of the different parts of the cell? 
How are the functions of cells in organisms with many cells different from those of single-celled organisms? 
What does cytoplasm do for a cell? What are the functions of the other cell parts? 
How does epithelial tissue support the transport of materials in your body? 
What are examples of beneficial microorganisms? Why are they beneficial? 



How are living things grouped? 
What are vertebrates and invertebrates? 
How are plants sorted into groups? 
Why is it important that scientists use the same classification system? 
How do vascular plants differ from nonvascular plants? 
A hill behind your house is washing away, what kind of plant might help keep the soil in place? 


Growth and Inheritance

How does cell division affect growth? 
How are characteristics inherited? 
What is the difference between learned behaviors and inherited traits? Give examples of each

Key Points

Scientists classify living things by looking at their features. 
All living things are made of cells. The structures of cells have unique functions. 
Single-celled organisms can be beneficial and harmful to humans. 
All organisms produce offspring. Offspring inherit traits from their parents. They gain learned behaviors by observing others. 










Earth Science 


jetty, earthquake, volcano, magma, topography, fault, landform, sand dune, weathering, erosion, delta, sinkhole, plate, epicenter, levees, dams, deconstructive forces, constructive forces, estuaries, seismologist, seismograph











Constructive Processes

What are examples of constructive forces? 
What are two landforms in Georgia that were caused by constructive forces? 


Deconstructive Processes

What are examples of deconstructive forces? 
What are two landforms in Georgia that were caused by deconstructive forces? 


Human impact in controlling deconstructive and constructive forces

What are humans doing to help preserve the barrier islands? 

http://www.beachbrowser.com/Archives/Environment/August-99/Renourish- beaches-or-lose-them.htm

How do we use technology to predict volcano eruptions and earthquakes? 
What do we do to prevent and control floods? 
What are seismological studies? How do we use them? 
How does a dam control flooding? 











Physical Science



Atom, molecule, element, compound, matter, mixture, change of state, chemical change, physical property, physical change, chemical property, law of conservation of mass


Electric charge, static electricity, electric field, electric current, electric circuit, series circuit, parallel circuit, resistance, short circuit, conductor, insulator, electromagnet







What is matter made of? 
What is the difference between an atom, molecule, and element? 
What are some examples of elements? 


Physical Changes and Chemical Changes in Matter

How can you demonstrate a physical change? 
What is the difference between a physical change and a chemical change? Give examples of each.
Changes of state (solid, liquid, and gas) are a chemical change or physical change? How do you know? 
How are physical properties different than chemical properties? 
How does the mass of an apple compare to the mass of the same apple sliced into pieces? 


Magnets and Electricity

What causes electric charges to build up? 
Why do objects attract and repel one another? 
When you press the switch on a lamp, the light goes off or on. What does the switch do to make this happen? 
Look at pages in your textbook. Describe the paths of electricity though the circuits. 
What is the difference between series and parallel circuits? 
How are conductors and insulators different? What are examples of conductors and insulators? 
What is needed to make an electromagnet? 

Key Points

Electric currents produce magnetic fields
Everything in the universe is made of matter. Matter can change physically and chemically. 
Law of conservation of mass states that matter can never be created or destroyed. Atoms will never disappear
Chemical change has occurred if there is a color change, smell, new physical property, or heat is given off

















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