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   Science Performance Standards - 1st grade

Standard S1CS1 Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.                 

Element S1CS1.a Raise questions about the world around them and be willing to seek answers to some of the questions by making careful observations and measurements and trying to figure things out.


Standard S1CS2 Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.

Element S1CS2.a Use whole numbers in ordering, counting, identifying, measuring, and describing things and experiences.

Element S1CS2.b Readily give the sums and differences of single-digit numbers in ordinary, practical contexts and judge the reasonableness of the answer.

Element S1CS2.c Give rough estimates of numerical answers to problems before doing them formally.

Element S1CS2.d Make quantitative estimates of familiar lengths, weights, and time intervals, and check them by measuring.


Standard S1CS3 Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities.

Element S1CS3.a Use ordinary hand tools and instruments to construct, measure, and look at objects.

Element S1CS3.b Make something that can actually be used to perform a task, using paper, cardboard, wood, plastic, metal, or existing objects.

Element S1CS3.c Identify and practice accepted safety procedures in manipulating science materials and equipment.


Standard S1CS4 Students will use the ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.

Element S1CS4.a Use a model - such as a toy or a picture - to describe a feature of the primary thing.

Element S1CS4.b Describe changes in the size, weight, color, or movement of things, and note which of their other qualities remain the same during a specific change.

Element S1CS4.c Compare very different sizes, weights, ages (baby/adult), and speeds (fast/slow) of both human made and natural things.


Standard S1CS5 Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly.

Element S1CS5.a Describe and compare things in terms of number, shape, texture, size, weight, color, and motion.

Element S1CS5.b Draw pictures (grade level appropriate) that correctly portray features of the thing being described.

Element S1CS5.c Use simple pictographs and bar graphs to communicate data.


Standard S1CS6 Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved. Students will recognize that:

Element S1CS6.a When a science investigation is done the way it was done before, we expect to get a similar result.

Element S1CS6.b Science involves collecting data and testing hypotheses.

Element S1CS6.c Scientists often repeat experiments multiple times, and subject their ideas to criticism by other scientists who may disagree with them and do further tests.

Element S1CS6.d All different kinds of people can be and are scientists.


Standard S1CS7 Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry. Students will apply the following to inquiry learning practices:

Element S1CS7.a Scientists use a common language with precise definitions of terms to make it easier to communicate their observations to each other.

Element S1CS7.b In doing science, it is often helpful to work as a team. All team members should reach individual conclusions and share their understandings with other members of the team in order to develop a consensus.

Element S1CS7.c Tools such as thermometers, rulers and balances often give more information about things than can be obtained by just observing things without help.

Element S1CS7.d Much can be learned about plants and animals by observing them closely, but care must be taken to know the needs of living things and how to provide for them. Advantage can be taken of classroom pets.


Standard S1E1 Students will observe, measure, and communicate weather data to see patterns in weather and climate.

Element S1E1.a Identify different types of weather and the characteristics of each type.

Element S1E1.b Investigate weather by observing, measuring with simple weather instruments (thermometer, wind vane, rain gauge), and recording weather data (temperature, precipitation, sky conditions, and weather events) in a periodic journal or on a calendar seasonally.

Element S1E1.c Correlate weather data (temperature, precipitation, sky conditions, and weather events) to seasonal changes.


Standard S1E2 Students will observe and record changes in water as it relates to weather.

Element S1E2.a Recognize changes in water when it freezes (ice) and when it melts (water).

Element S1E2.b Identify forms of precipitation such as rain, snow, sleet, and hailstones as either solid (ice) or liquid (water).

Element S1E2.c Determine that the weight of water before freezing, after freezing, and after melting stays the same.

Element S1E2.d Determine that water in an open container disappears into the air over time, but water in a closed container does not.


Standard S1P1 Students will investigate light and sound.

Element S1P1.a Recognize sources of light.

Element S1P1.b Explain how shadows are made.

Element S1P1.c Investigate how vibrations produce sound.

Element S1P1.d Differentiate between various sounds in terms of (pitch) high or low and (volume) loud or soft.

Element S1P1.e Identify emergency sounds and sounds that help us stay safe.


Standard S1P2 Students will demonstrate effects of magnets on other magnets and other objects.

Element S1P2.a Demonstrate how magnets attract and repel.

Element S1P2.b Identify common objects that are attracted to a magnet.

Element S1P2.c Identify objects and materials (air, water, wood, paper, your hand, etc.) that do not block magnetic force.


Standard S1L1 Students will investigate the characteristics and basic needs of plants and animals.

Element S1L1.a Identify the basic needs of a plant.

S1L1.a.1 Air

S1L1.a.2 Water

S1L1.a.3 Light

S1L1.a.4 Nutrients

Element S1L1.b Identify the basic needs of an animal.

S1L1.b.1 Air

S1L1.b.2 Water

S1L1.b.3 Food

S1L1.b.4 Shelter

Element S1L1.c Identify the parts of a plant - root, stem, leaf, and flower.

Element S1L1.d Compare and describe various animals - appearance, motion, growth, basic needs

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